au pair

互惠生定义

互惠生是指在国外与寄宿家庭生活在一起的年轻人,他们以住宿和零花钱为交换条件,照顾孩子。
 
除了互惠生的定义外,本文还解释了互惠生体验的重要内容。可以根据需求查看以下内容:
互惠生定义
在许多国家,互惠生还是一个崭新的项目,并不是对每个人都清楚其含义。 为避免误会,AuPair.com为您提供了互惠生百科,其中仔细解释了整个互惠生的定义(含义,要求零用钱等)。

在阅读本文前,可以在此测试一下你对互惠生项目的了解。

通过做我们的小测试来测试你对互惠生项目的了解。由此来确定你是否已经准备好开始这个冒险,看看你知道多少。不用担心,无论你对此了如指掌或是知之甚少,本文会解释你想知道的一切。
1 / 18 What is the literal meaning of the word “Au Pair”?
 
Live - in
Equal to
Helper
Nanny
 
The French term Au Pair means “equal to”, which implies that the Au Pair and the Host Family are considered on the same level, a relationship which is different from the one between employer and employee.
2 / 18 What is an Au Pair?
 
A person that cleans the house, looks after the Host Children and lives with the Host Family
A person that looks after the Host Children full-time and lives somewhere else
A young person that helps with childcare and light housework and lives with the Host Family
A young person that cleans the house and lives somewhere else
 
An Au Pair is generally a young person that provides flexible childcare and helps out with light housework, such as cleaning after the kids, tidying up their rooms, helping out with the children’s laundry.
3 / 18 What is the main difference between an Au Pair and a Nanny?
 
Nannies have at least a university degree
Au Pairs are younger and work less hours
Au Pairs are also in charge of housework
 
Nannies are considered employees and have to be paid minimum wage
 
Nannies do not take part in the Au Pair program. Instead they have to be employed under the labour law of the Host Country and have to be paid a minimum wage salary. Find out more about the differences between a Nanny and an Au Pair here.
4 / 18 What is the primary benefit that an Au Pair receives?
 
Full board and free room
Minimum wage of the Host Country
Free language course
A free working permit
 
As part of the Au Pair program, an Au pair has the right to get three meals per day provided by the Host Family and her/his own room.
5 / 18 Where does an Au Pair live?
 
With the Host Family, in her/his own room
 
In another flat/apartment/house paid by the Host Family
In another flat/apartment/house paid by the Au Pair
With the Host Family, in the kids’ room
 
 
One of the perks of becoming an Au Pair is to live with a Host Family without paying any rent. The Au Pair also needs to have her/his own room. There can be other agreements between the Au Pair and the Host Family, but it is important that the Au Pair has the opportunity to participate in the Host Family’s daily life and must not pay rent in any way.
6 / 18 What’s the main aim of the Au Pair experience?
 
Living abroad without paying rent
The cultural exchange
Learning a new language
Getting cheap childcare
 
The main purpose of taking part in the Au Pair program is the opportunity for the Au Pair to get in close touch with another culture by living with a Host Family and for the family to host somebody from a foreign country to get to know their culture. Read more about how to integrate the two cultures in the Host Family here. Read more about how to integrate different cultures in the Host family here.
7 / 18 What is an example of the Au Pair duties?
 
Cleaning the toilet
Cooking for everyone in the family
Hoovering the living room
Picking up the kids from school
 
Cleaning the house and cooking for everyone in the family are NOT part of the Au Pair’s duties. Read more about the Au Pair’s responsibilities here.
8 / 18 What are the age requirements to become an Au Pair?
 
Between 17 - 30, but it depends on the country
Between 18 - 35, but it depends on the country
Between 18 - 25, but it depends on the country
Between 20 - 40, but it depends on the country
 
Find out the specific age requirements for each country here.
9 / 18 What is another essential requirement to become an Au Pair?
 
The Au Pair must have a university degree
The Au Pair must not be married and have children
The Au Pair must obtain a working visa
The Au Pair must have a language certificate
 
Here you can read more about all the requirements in order to become an Au Pair.
10 / 18 What is one of the main requirements to become a Host Family?
 
The family needs to live in a big house
 
The family needs to have at least 2 children younger than 18 years old
The family needs to have at least one child younger than 18 years old
The family needs to pay for travel expenses
 
 
You can read more about the requirements to become a Host Family here.
11 / 18 Before starting to work together, what should the Au Pair and the Host Family do?
 
Book the language course
Decide who should cover the travel expenses
Buy an expensive gift for each other
Sign the Au Pair contract
 
Signing the Au Pair contract is crucial for the relationship between Host family and Au pair, as it is a guarantee to avoid misunderstandings in the future. You can find more information about the Au Pair contract here.
12 / 18 When and where does the Au Pair eat?
 
In her/his own room
Before the Host Family and the kids
With the Host Family and the kids
After the Host Family and the kids
 
The Au Pair is allowed and encouraged to join the Host Family during mealtime.
13 / 18 How much does the Au Pair work?
 
The Au Pair works part-time
The Au Pair works full-time
The Au Pair works overtime
 
The Au Pair’s working hours can be decided day-by-day
 
The Au Pair can work up to a certain amount of hours each week, depending on the Host Country, but it is generally considered a part-time job, which should also be planned weeks in advance. Read here to find out the maximum amount of hours allowed for each country.
14 / 18 What does the Au Pair always need time to do during the day?
 
To clean the house
To attend a language course
To cook meals for the Host Family
To do the Host Family’s laundry
 
The Au Pair is entitled to have the time to attend a language course as part of the Au Pair experience. This should be discussed with the Host Family and stated in the contract.
15 / 18 What else does the Au Pair NOT have to do?
 
Looking after other families’ children
Pick up the children from school
Help out with the kids’ laundry
Help the kids do their homework
 
Looking after other people’s children cannot be considered one of the Au Pair’s duties.
16 / 18 What happens if the Au Pair gets ill?
 
She/He will receive 1/3 of her/his pocket money
She/He will not receive her pocket money
She/He will still receive her full pocket money
She/He can get fired
 
Au Pairs do not earn a lot of money, so when they get ill they should still be entitled to receive their full pocket money. Make sure you state these conditions in the Au Pair contract.
17 / 18 Is babysitting included in the Au Pair duties?
 
No, it isn’t. The Host Family needs to hire somebody else
Yes if it is included in the contract, but it does not need to be paid extra
Yes, it is and does not need to be paid extra
 
Yes if it is included in the contract and needs to be paid extra
 
Babysitting can be one of the tasks performed by the Au Pair, but it is considered an extra task and should therefore be paid extra. Make sure you state in the contract how much the Au Pair should get paid for overtime.
18 / 18 Ideally, what will an Au Pair become?
 
A full-time employee of the Host Family
A substitute for the Host Parents
A full-time housekeeper
An additional member of the Host Family
 
Taking part in the Au Pair program means, in many cases, becoming part of the Host Family by taking part in their activities and spending time with them.
quiz icon    


互惠生项目是什么?

互惠生项目是一个国际文化交流项目,让年轻人有机会在国外度过一段时间,了解不同的文化,提高自己的外语技能,作为交换,他们需要提供照顾孩子相关工作的帮助。"互惠生 "一词来自法语,意思是 "在平等的条件下",表示互惠生和寄宿家庭是平等的。


互惠生能够花较少的钱在国外生活,而寄宿家庭则可以得到互惠生灵活、实惠地照顾孩子的帮助。并且,很多国家也支持互惠生项目

互惠生?

互惠生是指年龄在17岁到30岁之间的年轻人(女性或男性),他们住在当地的寄宿家庭,学习他们的语言和文化,作为交换,他们帮助照顾孩子。互惠生可以得到住宿,正常的饮食和零花钱作为个人开支。阅读关于互惠生的优缺点,看看它是否适合你。
aupair responsibility
谁是互惠生?
照顾孩子+文化交流:就是这样! 互惠生帮助寄宿家庭照顾孩子,享受国外的生活。阅读原文

互惠生既不是一个清洁工,也不是一个全职保姆。如果你有兴趣体验互惠生生活,请在AuPair.com注册成为一名互惠生。 

寄宿家庭?

寄宿家庭是指愿意在国家的官方项目下接待互惠生的家庭。寄宿家庭必须满足一定的条件才能加入这个项目。例如,他们必须有一个18岁以下的孩子,有能力在家里接待互惠生,并且在项目中了解家庭的责任。
 
如果你想接待互惠生,请在AuPair.com注册成为互惠生家庭。

互惠生项目是如何进行的?

互惠生项目主要是一种文化交流,因此寄宿家庭和互惠生需要属于不同的国籍。开始时,互惠生和互惠家庭都在寻找一个完美的匹配人选。一旦他们找到了,在出国前有几个问题需要考虑:签证保险银行账户、行李等等。 为了确保互惠生和寄宿家庭之间的顺利合作,他们会签订一份互惠生合同,合同中记录下所有重要的细节。
 
了解如何更快地找到合适的互惠家庭,或者如何在短时间内找到一个互惠生。

互惠生的逗留时间

互惠生的逗留时间取决于互惠生,寄宿家庭和该国的项目规定。有些国家规定了互惠生的最长和最短停留时间,通常从3个月到12或24个月不等。对于欧盟国家的互惠生来说,由于没有签证要求,所以项目期限是灵活的。

aupair programs
全球的互惠生项目!
互惠生项目世界闻名--许多国家都支持互惠生文化交流项目。在不同的国家,你能期待什么?了解更多

但是,您需要在目的国的地方当局注册并获得正式的互惠生身份。 如果互惠生需要签证,在某些情况下,互惠生抵达后需要延长签证期限。 这应该在寄宿家庭的帮助支持下完成。

我能解除合同吗?

签订互惠生合同是为了避免在国外生活中可能出现的误解和问题。你可以下载互惠生合同的样本,并在入住前和互惠家庭一起签署。 然而,紧急情况或需要终止合同的情况可能会发生。一般来说,在终止合同之前,会有两个星期的正式通知期。在签署合同之前,请确保这个条款也写在合同上。

互惠生的职责是什么?

互惠生的主要职责是照顾寄宿家庭的孩子,并执行与其相关的任务。 互惠生无需为寄宿父母做饭,打扫寄宿父母专用的房间或照顾其他人的孩子等。

互惠生的工作时长

根据不同国家规定,互惠生的工作时间也会有所不同。在大多数国家,互惠生每周最多可以工作30小时。在美国,互惠生每周的工作时间可达到45小时。互惠生和寄宿家庭应该在时间安排上达成一致。寄宿家庭不要忘记查看互惠生在他们国家每天的最长工作时间。

互惠生能得到多少零花钱?

每个国家/地区的官方互惠生项目明确了在允许的最长工作时间下,互惠生能获得的最低零用钱数额。 我们建议寄宿家庭和互惠生就零用钱达成协议。 互惠生将用自己的零用钱支付自己的额外费用。 互惠生在任何情况下都不应为自己的食物或房间花钱。

互惠生有假期吗?

互惠生通常每周有1-2天的自由活动时间(在一些国家,其中一天必须是周日),在某些情况下,他们也有权利享受每月至少一个免费周末。在大多数国家,互惠生在12个月的时间里可以享受4周的带薪假期
 
aupair holiday
休息时间和假期
互惠生是如何工作的?有不同的方式,这取决于不同国家的规定。AuPair.com将为你提供所有的细节。了解更多

在空闲的日子和假期里,应鼓励互惠生参加寄宿家庭的活动。此外,在假期期间,互惠生可以自由地选择与寄宿家庭一起生活,并获得他们的零用钱、住宿和食物。这就是我们对带薪假期的定义。

谁应该支付旅费?

互惠生定义
虽然我们建议寄宿家庭支付互惠生的旅行费用,但只有少数几个国家将此规定为强制要求,比如美国规定互惠生的机票费用完全由寄宿家庭承担。而且,如果互惠生完成了合同中规定的全部行程,他/她还可以得到一张回程机票。在中国,互惠生家庭也会根据互惠生的停留时间,帮助互惠生承担部分或全部的机票费用。
 
在其他国家,如果未来的寄宿家庭想在经济上帮助互惠生,交通费还是要先由互惠生自己承担。在互惠生到达国外后,寄宿家庭可以分期支付他们的旅费
 
aupair travel
旅费
谁应该承担旅行费用?寄宿家庭是否应该支持互惠生并支付机票费用?如果是,如何支付?所有的答案都在这里

我们建议在互惠生入住之前先讨论这个问题,最好在互惠生合同中注明下来。 详细了解互惠生的其他费用或寄宿家庭雇佣互惠生的费用

谁应该支付签证费用?

签证费用必须由互惠生支付,在任何情况下,寄宿家庭均无义务退还这笔钱。 互惠生需要在所在国家/地区的目的国大使馆申请签证。互惠生需要确保他们符合签证要求,这样他们的申请才能得到批准。

互惠生需要上语言班吗?

互惠生通常需要在目的国参加语言课程,以提高他们的语言能力并结识新朋友。
 
互惠生需要与寄宿家庭讨论工作时间表,以便他们有时间参加语言课程。 虽然在某些国家/地区,寄宿家庭必须支付语言课程的费用,但在大多数情况下,互惠生需要自费上语言班。

谁支付当地交通费?

虽然在大多数国家,支付交通费用不是必须的,但是我们建议寄宿家庭为互惠生提供一辆车,或者承担公共交通的车票费用,这样互惠生就可以带着孩子们去学校或者参加其他活动,参加语言课程。在一些国家,这些费用可以从家庭的年度所得税中扣除。
 
你还有其他问题吗?请看我们的常见问题
 
 


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